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- active recall
- process in which pieces of information are actively retrieved from memory as opposed to passive review. For example, in passive review one might read that the highest divorce rate occurs in the 4th year of marriage. In active recall, you would have to retrieve this information from your memory: In which year of marriage are couples most likely to divorce? If you answer correctly, "4th year", then your memory stability will increase and so will the probability of recall in the future. In passive review, this increase is dramatically less pronounced. In literature, in various contexts, active recall may be referred to as practice at retrieval, active learning, learning based on a testing effect, retrieval practice, test-enhanced learning, active repetition, and more. Active recall may be or is not prompted with a specific question. It can then be called cued recall or free recall respectively.